Chinese trade advisers say the slowdown in both economies due to de demonstration barriers has made it more difficult to meet purchase targets, but they do not expect the White House to leave. In an april 2018 article in Forbes, Harry G. Broadman, a former U.S. trade negotiator, said he agreed with the Trump administration`s core position that the Chinese do not respect fair, transparent, market-based rules for global trade, but contradicted its means of unilaterally enforcing tariffs and said the government should instead adopt a coalition-based approach.  Note: The top five U.S. trading partners in total services trade (exports and imports) in 2017. Economists at financial firm Morgan Stanley expressed concern about the end of the trade war, but warned in June 2019 that this could lead to a recession.  Notes: The top 15 U.S. imports that could be affected by higher tariffs, based on 2017 trade data. Chilean Deputy Trade Minister Rodrigo Yanez told CNBC: « It is very important for Chile that a trade agreement between the United States and China is soon to be signed. »  A conclusion from the data is obvious. The Americans suffered when China`s retaliation devastated U.S. exports. Trump`s rate hikes have increased prices for U.S.
consumers and costs for U.S. businesses. His politically motivated buying commitments may have caused more problems than they solved. After the election, the United States needs a new approach to solving its trade problems with China. Data for China from Digital Commerce 360 to www.digitalcommerce360.com/2017/02/06/online-shopping-china-grows-262-2016/ and U.S. data from the U.S. Census Bureau in www2.census.gov/retail/releases/historical/ecomm/16q4.pdf. Soybeans are a good example of the anti-Trump reaction to trade policy. Before the trade war, they accounted for nearly 60% of U.S. agricultural exports to China. China did not choose soybeans for random retaliation. Eight of the top 10 soybean-producing countries voted for Trump in 2016, including many major Swing States.8 Economists generally say that trade as a whole has a positive impact on the economy.
Low-cost imports improve consumer well-being, increase consumer choice and help reduce inflation. However, some economists argue that the benefits of trade are not evenly distributed. Some sectors can have a negative impact on employment and wages, and these negative effects may be concentrated in certain regions or sectors, and adapting to these shocks can be a challenge. A 2014 National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) study concluded that the increase in import penetration from China from 1999 to 2011 led directly and indirectly to U.S. net results.