International Cospas-Sarsat Programme Agreement

(Translation) « In accordance with Article IV/II of the 1988 AGREEMENT on the international COSPAS-SARSAT programme, the Soviet side recalls that the association « Morsvjazsputnik » has been designated as the body cooperating in the implementation of the programme. Through their cooperation with the program, states can provide ground docking stations that improve Cospas-Sarsat`s emergency call functions and/or participate in international Cospas Sarsat meetings on system coordination and program management around the world. XVI.2 When a State must accede to the agreement and assume responsibility for the contribution of a basic unit of the existing space segment, either in accordance with Article 3.1 or enhanced in accordance with Article 3.2, it does so in accordance with the party currently providing this basic unit and in consultation with the other contracting parties. XVI.3 When a State must accede to the agreement and assume responsibility for the contribution of an additional basic unit which is itself an extension of the space segment, it does so with the agreement of all contracting parties, following a Council decision taken in accordance with Article 3.2, that such enlargement is necessary. The system uses a network of satellites that provide coverage all over the Earth. No-level alerts are detected, located and transmitted to more than 200 countries and territories, at no cost to beacon owners or government authorities receiving them. [5] Cospas-Sarsat was designed and initiated in 1979 by Canada, France, the United States and the former Soviet Union. [6] The first rescue with Cospas-Sarsat technology took place in September 1982. [7] [8] The final agreement of the Organization was signed on 1 July 1988. The basic principle is that each participant in the program is responsible for all costs related to their own participation, including the purchase, installation and operation of terrestrial segment equipment that they contribute to the system, as well as the acquisition, launch and operation of satellite equipment that makes up the Cospas-Sarsat segment. As a result, there is no exchange of funds between participants for program-related activities. The only exception is the international coordination and management of the programme`s activities, which involve costs distributed among all participants.

Cospas-Sarsat works with United Nations-affiliated organizations, such as the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), the International Maritime Organization (IMO) and the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) to ensure the compatibility of Cospas-Sarsat emergency call services with the applicable needs, standards and recommendations of the international community. [10] Cospas-Sarsat is part of IMO`s Global Maritime Safety Security System (GMDSS) and is to be part of ICAO`s Global Aviation Safety and Security System (GADSS).