The algorithm mentioned in the previous section is tolerant of Byzantine error as long as the number of traitors does not exceed one third of the generals. There are other variants that make it easier to solve the problem, including the use of digital signatures or the introduction of peer-to-peer communication restrictions on the network. The problem is complicated by the presence of insidious generals, who vote not only in favour of a suboptimal strategy, but also selectively. For example, if nine generals vote, four of whom support an attack, while four others are in favour of withdrawal, the ninth general may send a withdrawal vote to these generals in favour of withdrawal and one vote to attack the rest. Those who have obtained a withdrawal vote from the ninth general will withdraw while the rest will attack (which may not be good for the attackers). The problem is further complicated by the fact that generals must be physically separated and send their votes through messengers who might not vote or falsify false votes. My son is almost 10 years old. A few days ago, I shared the problem of the Byzantine general. Almost an hour before bed, he struggled with the problem and the solution – unsurprisingly! It`s a fictitious problem, but it`s one of the toughest problems of all time. It was first mentioned in the 1982 document entitled « The Problem of Byzantine Generals. » The objective of the Byzantine margin of error is to protect against system component failures, with or without symptoms, preventing other components of the system from reaching an agreement if such an agreement is necessary for the system to function properly.
The Byzantine Memorandum of Understanding is a protocol in distributed computing. It has its name from a problem formulated by Lamport, Shostak and Pease in 1982 which is itself a reference to a historical problem. The Byzantine army was divided into divisions, each division being managed by a general with the following characteristics: As Mike Maloney explains in his latest documentary, the problem of Byzantine generals can be summed up as a question: how to ensure that several entities separated by distance are in absolute agreement before action is taken? A Byzantine error (also an interactive consistency, a congruence of sources, an avalanche of errors, a Byzantine agreement problem, a Byzantine genetic problem and a Byzantine failure) is a condition of a computer system, especially distributed computer systems, where components can fail and contain imperfect information about component failure. The term has its name from an allegory, the « Bizantin General`s problem », designed to describe a situation in which the players in the system must agree on a concerted strategy to avoid a catastrophic failure of the system, but some of these actors are unreliable.