Preferred importation carries certain risks. The law can control imported goods at preferential rates. If one of these controls shows that goods are not allowed, you must pay the tax at the full (non-preferential) rate. EU legislation provides for the collection of reuse fees for up to three years after the import of the goods. British traders who trade with GSP-receiving countries can apply for REX registration from 1 January 2017 if they have been since then: in addition, some of these countries have started to indicate that they will seek compensation. For example, Korea and Chile have stated that they will seek further concessions in exchange for acceptance of the implementation of their agreement with the United Kingdom. The case of Korea is interesting because it has had a growing trade deficit with the EU since the conclusion of its free trade agreement with the EU. It is clear that it did not take advantage of this as planned and that it wants to rebalance the agreement. However, statistics show that the imbalance is not so much with the UK as with the rest of the EU (Korea has a slight surplus in its trade with the UK, but a deficit with the EU as a whole). The EU has around 60 preferential trade agreements. These range from very close countries that integrate EFTA countries, Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein, in the internal market, to countries with other developed countries, such as Canada and Korea, and with developing countries under trade and partnership agreements with former colonies. There are also a number of trade agreements with neighbouring countries, particularly those wishing to join the EU. Any trade agreement will aim to remove tariffs and remove other trade barriers that come into force.
It will also cover both goods and services. Talks between the EU and the UK are under way to reach a post-Brexit free trade agreement before the end of the year. The UK has called for a « status quo » under which EU legislation would continue to apply to the UK during a post-Brexit transition period (which prefers « an implementation period »). The aim is to avoid a « cliff change » in trade conditions on Brexit day, but this can simply delay and exacerbate the problem. It also complicates the problem of pursuing agreements with third countries. The EU negotiating guidelines for the second phase of the Brexit negotiations on 29 January 2018 accept the concept of the status quo, but mean that the UK should remain bound during the transition period to the obligations of member states acting on their behalf, the EU or the EU and its member states acting together. , whereas the United Kingdom should no longer participate in the institutions established by these agreements » (paragraph 15). Column 3 shows the preferential regime (s) to which a given country is entitled and the corresponding code that appears in Column 6 (in Column 6, « Misc.P » appears in Column 6, the paragraph « Calendar in Volume 2 » above). To date, more than 20 of these existing agreements, covering 50 countries or territories, have been shaken up with the exception of the I.V.
and will begin on 1 January 2021.