However, Dole defied the order, claiming that Cleveland did not have the power to intervene. In 1895, an uprising in the queen`s name, led by royalist Robert Wilcox, was crushed by Dole`s group and Liliuokalani was placed under house arrest for high treason. On January 24, 1895, she accepted a formal abdication to receive pardons for her supporters who had been imprisoned after the revolt. King Kalakaua died in San Francisco in January 1891 and Liliuokalani ascended the throne. One of his first actions was to propose that there be a new constitution for Hawaii because Kalakaua had been forced to submit to the « bayonet constitution » of 1887. The bayonet constitution had weakened the power of the monarchy and forced Kalakaua to cede many powers to the American members of his cabinet. .